There are many commonalities between Modern Paganism and Western Esotericism. In the Czech Republic, in its modern forms, both of these currents developed and evolved in a very close interconnection, the communities often overlapped and cooperated quite closely. This paper explores both the common roots of MP and WE in the Czech Republic and the current state of affairs – how do the adherents of both these currents view themselves and each other now? How do they reflect on their on common history? Do they still cooperate? And if so, what are the means of this cooperation?